Welcome to Interprofessional Education 4 Faculty—an innovative, web-based program to teach faculty how to educate students about interprofessional education (IPE) in four easy-to-understand modules: Module 1-Roles and Responsibilities, Module 2-Communication, Module 3-Teams and Teamwork, and Module 4-Values and Ethics. The purpose of this course is to present evidence-based approaches to teaching IPE for healthcare professionals. Background information about IPE competencies and suggested resources and teaching strategies are included with each competency. Health professions faculty may freely use any of resources or learning activities in the modules to begin the journey to IPE at their program or to add additional IPE to an existing program. IPE in “course work and activities predicts an accelerated rate of IPE activities in health professions instructional programs, thereby hastening implementation of newly adopted IPE core competencies and accreditation standards” (Greer et al, 2014, p. 803). Whether you have years of experience or have just begun your career as a clinician, we hope these modules will be a useful tool to enhance what you know about teaching students about IPE.
Greer, A., Clay, M., Blue , A., Evans, C., & Garr, D. (2014), The status of interprofessional education and interprofessional prevention education in academic health centers: A national baseline study. Academic Medicine, 89(5), 799-805. doi: 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000232
As defined in the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) Report, Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality, (2003) an interdisciplinary (interprofessional) team is “composed of members from different professions and occupations with varied and specialized knowledge, skills, and methods.” (p. 54). Members of an interprofessional team communicate and work together as colleagues, to provide quality, individualized care for patients. Interprofessional teamwork as defined by the IOM (2003), is “a collaborative interaction among interprofessional team members to provide quality, individualized care for patients” (Texas Tech University HSC, 2012). Teamwork is necessary in any setting where health professionals interact with the shared goal of providing care for patients or communities. “Teamwork behaviors involve cooperating in the patient-centered delivery of care; coordinating one’s care with other health professionals so that gaps, redundancies, and errors are avoided; and collaborating with others through shared problem-solving and shared decision making, especially in circumstances of uncertainty” (IPEC, 2011, p. 24). Interprofessional teamwork is an essential part of patient-centered primary care, and “high-functioning teams require collaboration between physicians, nurses, pharmacists, social workers, clinical psychologists, case managers, medical assistants, and clinical administrators…” (Department of Veterans Affairs, 2010, p. 2). Interprofessional collaborative practice is viewed “as key to the safe, high quality, accessible, patient-centered care desired by all” (IPEC, 2011, p. i). To make this a reality, health professions students will need to develop interprofessional competencies as part of the learning process, in order to be ready to practice effective teamwork and team-based care when they enter the workforce. The Core Competencies for Interprofessional Collaborative Practice address Teams and Teamwork of the interprofessional team as Competency Domain #4, and state “Learning to be interprofessional means learning to be a good team player” (IPEC, 2011, p. 24). The purpose of this module is to introduce the role of teams and teamwork in effective interprofessional practice.